BROAD Philosophy

The World in 2015

Historians often say that forecasting is tantamount to lying. Politicians use future-based promises to gain votes. Economists use “mathematical models” to propound their views on the future. Everyone tries to tell us what will happen tomorrow. But who really knows? Ten years ago, who would have predicted that a free trade zone would be established in Asia? Who is willing to predict that the largest trade zone in 2015 will neither be in North America nor Europe, but in Asia? Who is willing to predict that the world’s base currency will not be the US dollar, but the newly-born Asian dollar. Moreover, who would predict that in the first half of 2015, a calamity would occur that would kill several million people Man can see Mars a hundred million kilometers away using a telescope, yet man cannot see 15 minutes from now. Man can reach Mars by spaceship, but if a flood came unannounced in the morning there would be nothing we could do……………

1. Human Hereditary Gene

At the beginning of 2015, the world’s interest converged on one film. People flocked to see it, talked about it, and thought about it. People claimed it fundamentally changed their outlook on the world. Who shot this film? It was not shot in Hollywood but in China. Its box-office performance was over ten times better than “Titanic.” Yet, this film lacked the imposing scenes, massive budget, special effects that movies like “Titanic” have.

The film is called “Where Do I Come From”, and it relates the story of an unearthed female body whose remains trace from the Western Han Dynasty of ancient China. The film tells the story of the romantic affair of Xin Zhui, the wife of the prime minister of Changsha 2200 years ago. However, what attracts the audiences is not the story of the affair, but the elegant life style of the ancient Chinese – the finely prepared foods, delicate tableware, exquisite and comfortable bedding and other related articles, and the music… What impresses the audience most may be the simple yarn garment, only 48 grams in weight. People have used advanced equipment and techniques to try and duplicate the garment, but the best of the duplicates are still twice as heavy. Moreover, the exquisite ornamentation is beyond compare.

On a spring morning, a village woman goes into the forest to collect mushrooms, small bamboo shoots and fern roots. Upon returning home, she prepares soup, and then wakes up her husband and daughter to eat. After breakfast, the husband goes to work in the field, and the daughter goes to an old-style private school to study. Sitting with her face towards the window, the woman, with full concentration, weaves silk. In the afternoon, the woman squats beside the pond, appreciating the butterflies, dragonflies and fish. She also feeds several birds. The birds fly all around, lighting up the young woman’s day. This woman in her twenties is as happy as a child… The field in autumn turns a golden yellow, and the three members of the family come to the bridal chamber of the prime minister on a beautiful cart and present the garment to the bride-to-be Xin Zhui. Xin Zhui puts on the garment and looks at herself in the mirror, and the village woman gazes at Xin Zhui. Images of the butterflies, the dragonflies, birds and fish appear and disappear in the garment…

The audience is intoxicated by the simple relations between the ancient people, the abundance of material possessions, the aesthetic beauty and fairyland-like conditions in the environment. People end up watching this film several times just to see again the unique patterns in the bed, mysterious silk fabrics and the neither beautiful nor gorgeous village woman.

Many props used in the film are originals that were unearthed in the Mawangdui region in Changsha in 1972. The several hundred articles buried in the tomb include the real silk garments, paintings on silk, lacquerware, musical instruments and bamboo slips. The bamboo slips cite the types and sources of the buried things within the coffin. The over 2000 year-old female body unearthed in 1972 is the model through which the film director must select an actress. The unbelievable event is that the actress found in a sea of faces is the great-granddaughter of the seventy-seventh generation of Xin Zhui. The quality of the ancient tomb preservation techniques, the precision of the human hereditary gene, the continuity of the Chinese family tree, and the craftsmanship of the film director attract audiences over and over again.

2. Finding The Old Truth

The world in 2015 has changed greatly. The big names of ten years ago, Wal-Mart, McDonald’s and the New York Times are not very prominent anymore – the supermarkets are becoming smaller and smaller, for the sweatshops lack employees, and the days of bargain pricing have ended. American-style fast food is also a thing of the past. And newspapers? Ninety percent of that market has disappeared because of the internet and because the price or paper has risen by a multiple of ten.

The worldwide changes in supply and demand have driven the development of the service industry. As a typical example, a Chinese-run household services company employs the most people in the world after only ten years in existence. It has over ten thousand locations in China and abroad, with over eighteen million employed housekeepers. That number is higher than the population of many countries. The company is called Jiajiale (meaning happy families). At founding, it established “Let poor families obtain the basic necessities, let rich families strive for happiness” as its motto. Its housekeepers are girls from poor countryside areas in China, many of whom didn’t finish junior high education. The headquarters of Jiajiale distributed textbooks on housekeeping to technical schools throughout China, entrusting these schools to give one-year training to interested individuals. The training last three to six months. The training includes topics, ranging from preparing meals, washing clothes, organizing rooms, sorting trash to looking after children, mending clothes, repairing door locks and changing light bulbs. Skills training only takes half of the total class hours. One fourth of the class hours are for knowledge courses, including hygiene standards, guidelines for dietary nutrition, energy saving techniques, home decorating, baby nursing, and housework and cooking scheduling. The training is quite comprehensive, containing the time intervals for changing sheets, clearing refrigerators, and cleaning the air conditioner filter. The final one fourth of the class relates to culture: politeness, honesty, promise keeping and diligence. Life philosophy is also taught to the girls: only when you love your employer wholeheartedly can you make yourself happy, do things well for him, gain love from him, and obtain reward from him – man’s potential is limitless, and love is more boundless.

Ten years ago, the training courses were considered excessive: housekeepers do manual labor, why do they need to understand “life philosophy”? However, people have found the old truth now: human life begins with love. Regardless of whether you are a housekeeper in the city or the president of the largest company in the world, you must give love.

3. Redefining the Concept of Trash

The world in 2015 is strange indeed. A housekeeping business is the largest company in the world. And number two? Number two is a trash collector. The company is called Fangyuan Waste Treatment Co. It is the second largest company by number of employees, yet it is ten times than Jiajiale. Why? Because Fangyuan knows what things are trash, and what things aren’t.

Fangyuan’s business ranges from the collecting and reselling of waste paper, used clothes and empty bottles to the collecting and disassembling of old cars and electrical equipment. The company even makes use of old factories. Fangyuan coordinates the operations of over one hundred subsidiaries using a three-hundred-page Handbook for Recycling Trash and a plethora of charts and diagrams. The company’s more than 1,800,000 employees come many of poorest areas in China, and they are formally employed after six months of professional training. Fangyuan’s business plan targets big cities in China. Trash separation and classification centers are set up in ten square kilometer block areas, and highly-qualified engineers are placed in charge of the centers. The workers sort the collected trash into nine categories: steel, non-ferrous mental, plastic, paper, glass, organic matter, items to be directly resold, hazardous materials, and useless trash. The metal materials are utilized by factories; paper materials including waste paper, packing boxes, cardboard are sent to paper mills, with tax benefits accruing to the users of these materials. Bottles can be directly sold to breweries as bottle size has been unified all over the world. The organic matter coming from places such as kitchens, bathrooms and lawns (grass) is sold to plants for use in the manufacturing of methane and fertilizer. And the hazardous materials, which are most valuable, are sent directly to factories for treatment. This process is subsidized largely by the government. Based on the degree of potential harm, the price for each kilogram of material ranges from 0.1 to 50 Asian dollars. The government also pays 0.03 Asian dollars for each kilogram of regular trash. After the treatment of the hazardous materials, the remaining useless trash only amounts to ten percent of the original total.

Forty years ago, the UN report entitled “Only One Earth” asked:“While modern may reach Mars, will people still on earth stand in trash up to their knees?” In March 2015, the first manned ship to Mars was launched, but what about trash on Earth? Fangyuan and like-minded companies can only handle half the trash in Chinese cities. In other parts of the world, hundreds of millions of pounds of trash are buried and burned daily. Scientific reports have asserted that the clean air, water and food of the world are becoming rarer. The cancers caused by chemicals and other hazardous materials have increased five fold in ten years. Threatened by diseases, death and medical fees, people have organized themselves and moved to close down the trash burners. They have even destroyed roads leading to trash fields. Governments around the world have always put national defense, GDP growth, control of the unemployment rate, and inflation control before environmental protection, and now they find themselves in a world of trouble.

However, China is luckier. Fangyuan and other enterprises following Fangyuan have greatly reduced the rubbish disasters, and have found a way out for elimination of the poverty. Truly, the best beneficiary is boss of Fangyuan. The annual sales of that company exceed ten trillion Asian dollars, with subsidies and profit of two trillion Asian dollars. Now the exchange rate for Asian dollar and US dollar is 1:1.1. If it was ten years ago, only the madmen thought collecting rubbish could earn two trillion US dollars. What’s more, Fangyuan is free from income tax, and the land for its classification centers is provided free of charge by the government. Fangyuan has become one of the most profitable companies in China. What an interesting thing!

4. What business is the most profitable

So, what business is the most profitable in the world now? Is it plane making, ammunition producing, IT industry, banking, or oil exploitation? No.

The planes cannot be sold out. The airways of all countries follow the US to execute ticket-booking system in which the cheapest ticket would be attainable ahead of twenty days, on the contrary, an intraday ticket will be more expensive by ten times. Therefore, the seats are occupied, but planes are not the case at all. A demand of hot pursuing would occur the time some kind of multiple gasoline-saving planes are made. However, the plane makers are still furor in competing in quantity and speed just like the past one hundred years, but the quality and superiority of gasoline saving were lagged behind.

What about the ammunition industry? It has completely shrunk. Since “Al Qaeda” network is set up in the globe, those countries producing a great deal of ammunition like the US, Britain, France and Russia have awaken: Probably a native person would die, each time they sell a gun to foreigners. Besides, the arms race between Great Power have stopped – African Alliance, Alliance for Latin Countries, and Asian Alliance have been founded one after another, and hence the emerging of “internationalization” thought arouse, the concept of national defense has been dimmed day after day.

As for IT industry? Moore’s Law has collapsed; the era of new diverse guise of electronic products has been only kept in our memory; no one stands in the top of price competition in the telecommunication industry.

The banking industry has been drowned by foam stock market, real estate and biotech. Especially after the “economic globalization” wheel got stranded on the rocks of “localization”, the multinational financial magnates have suffered a deadly blow.

And the wild petroleum companies, which have advanced triumphantly for one hundred years, finally get into difficulties: the oil well is dug deeper and deeper; the oil tax becomes higher and higher; the cost turns to be more and more expensive…

Then, what business in the world is the most profitable now? It is energy service. Since all the countries have stipulated carbon emission tax in order to fulfill , an annually rise of energy price – the oil price has gone up to two hundred US dollars per pail. In such circumstance, people are forced to change their extensive attitude towards the energy and one company becomes the best beneficiary from the change.

Dealing in a small amount of business and bearing little “technological content”, that company does some unknown things, like installation of heat meters for each end user among the city heat network in thirteen provinces and cities in the north of China. There were over thirty million heat meters installed in ten years, and more than one hundred million people get accustomed of energy saving. The energy consumption for heating has been reduced by forty to sixty percent. In addition, that company installed heat converter of air in buildings in scores of countries, so heat exchange can be done for the dirty air from the central heating system and the fresh air. In that way, seventy to eighty percent of heat can be collected, and the air-conditioner’s load is reduced by thirty to fifty percent. The users can take back what they spent in the same year. And besides, since the static air filter is installed in those buildings, the health of the users can be ensured, and the workload for cleaning the rooms is reduced, and the life of the installation is extended. That company also installed frequency conversion control equipment for the pumps of the central heating system and water supply system. As a result, the electricity consumption is reduced by twenty to seventy percent, and the saved money is assigned evenly to the users each year. Furthermore, it fixes the equipment for use of waste heat for those users with generators. So the wasted heat can be used for refrigeration and heating, and the energy efficiency is increased by over one time.

This company also erected solar-energy heat collection machine for gas-fired air-conditioner users, or prepared methane generators to save the natural gas. It conducted transformation of the energy control system of the buildings for the users so that the air-conditioner and ventilation can be adjustable to the temperature and demand changes and that lighting can suit the demand and sunlight changes. Therefore, the energy is saved largely, and people feel more comfortable.

Besides those, the company also carries on business of “management of the operation of building’s air condition and energy system”. Scores of thousands of buildings in the world have signed long-term contracts with the company, including all the hotels of Shangri-La, Sheraton, Marriott, Ritz-Carlton hotel groups.

With five thousand employees, this company earns an annual turnover of about fifteen trillion Asian dollar, with net profits exceeding three trillion Asian dollar. Who has ever thought that so huge profits come from an invisible place – the energy leak inside the buildings? What a big leak! It equals to reduction of use of thirty million pails of oil and reduction of emission of twelve million tons of carbon dioxide.

With twenty-seven years of development, this company still has little reputation, for they have done those things others don’t care about. Besides the energy service, they also make air-condition products by using natural gas, methane, solar energy and industrial waste heat for refrigeration and heating instead of making the known electric air conditioner. It doesn’t matter that people may not know the name of this company, but they should know it is a Chinese company.

5. What products sold best

Now what products sold best in the world? It is called “Pocket PC”, replacing ninety percent of the traditional desktop PC and notebook. Being mimic a mobile phone in size, “Pocket PC” can project clear and bright pictures and words, as big as a wall or as small as a book, under any light and on any plane. It can also project infrared keyboard so that the user can “strike the keys” or “move the mouse” slightly on the knees or on the desk. This is an unprecedented technological revolution. The “Pocket PC” has many multiple functions such as cell phone, high-mega pixel camera, wireless earphone, interpretation tool, electronic key, credit card, identity card, medical files, driving license and passport. This has brought a peakly unprecedented management revolution of the history of human information revolution!

Ten years ago, the PC-making, mobile phone-producing and other IT product-making industries created twenty-five million posts all over the world, but now it can only offer posts to two million and five hundred thousand people. Most “Pocket PC” makers are in Asia, sharing the big cake of five hundred million PCs as the annual sales volume. What’s pity is that this cake is becoming smaller and smaller annually, for “Pocket PC” is connected to so many personal information terminals whose cannot be changed without complicated procedure. What’s more, those mobile phone and computer designers, who defeat their opponents by new design patterns per yea, don’t have sufficient time to regret for their electronic rubbish now, and how can the new smart “Pocket PC” be made? However, what’s worth rejoicing is that a few hundred millions of “ Pocket PC”-related posts are available in the computer software and communication industries, banking, immigration administration, police station, hospitals, especially in the industry and commerce, entertainment industry and educational institutions. Although the electronic hardware industry has lost posts for the sake of the “Pocket PC”, the latter has created so many software-related posts.

But what makes people happy indeed is that the “Pocket PC” reduces the world’s electronic rubbish to fifteen percent of that ten years ago.

6. What car runs fastest

What products else gain the greatest esteem this year? Is it a family robot, a solar-energy car, or a flying car? No. Those good things which scientists have claimed for scores of years many stay in the labs forever. But a kind of super-light narrow car has run out of the labs after five-year’s research and development, and is running on the road of many Asian countries like China, India, Pakistan and Vietnam. Seagull, this kind of car is 0.9 meter in width, only owning half the car’s occupancy on road surface. When its speed exceeds sixty kilometers, the two rear wheels may stretch out automatically reaching 1.6 meters in width. Even if the speed is up to two hundred kilometers per hour, the car can remain steady. This Seagull has two kinds, the single-seated and the two-seated, but you can select your preferable inner decoration and the appearance. You can also online order and design your car via Internet. The net weight of single-seated car is one hundred and thirty kilograms, while the two-seated one, with front and rear seats, is two hundred and ten kilograms. Carbon fiber, resin, aluminum alloy and other new unknown-to-me materials is used for the bodywork. If this kind of car runs into a big car, it may be hit ten meters away, but the person remains safe.

To the Seagull cars, what attracts people is their oil-saving performance. The oil consumption per one hundred kilometers is only 1.2 and 1.6 liters respectively, only one seventh of other cars. From here, the Chinese government finds the new land in surprise: It can let people afford to own their cars without expansion of the highways or without going beyond the red line of . So it decides quickly that the purchase fees will be exempted. However, purchase fees for other cars are still higher one to four times. With “Loving the city, Loving the earth, Loving the Seagull” as the promotion ideal, the government is even considering if the road lines in the urban area needs to re-drawn.

It is Volkswagen Company that invented the Seagull car. When invention completed a few years ago, each one hundred families in most Asian countries only own several cars. The market is very broad. Therefore, the company entitled some middle- and small-size car factories in Asia to produce the Seagull cars. At that time, board chairmen of the famous car companies looked down on this small “Seagull”. But now the sales volume of the Seagull cars is up to twenty millions per year, owning seventy percent of the new car market in Asian, African and Latin American countries. And quickly this kind of car has entered the European and American market. The European and American who buy Seagull cars felt puzzled suddenly: It has remained for scores of years that in most cases one or two persons drive a car, and this is what they are really in pursuing. Why nobody made them before? This year the British prince and the UN Secretary bought Seagull cars, and that makes this Seagull which was considered to lower one’s status become a symbol of noble quality. All the car factories in European countries, US and Japan put aside the research in the new fuel and the intensified engine, and after making detours return to the idea of developing the first car for the mankind: small and light – The mankind returns again to original purity and simplicity. However, some factories made a long detour facing bankruptcy.

7. Which city attracts the townspeople

The industry with most bankrupt businesses is not the car makers, but the real-estate developers. In the past ten years, the energy price has risen largely year after year, and people’s healthy consciousness has become stronger and stronger. Finally house buyers understand a simple reason: The value of one house is shown not only in the section of an area or its appearance, but shown more in its energy-saving, durability and healthy performance. The energy of good buildings can be saved by thirty to eighty percent than that of the “flashy” houses; the maintenance cost one to five times than the latter; the service life is longer by one to three times than the latter. What's more, the diseases caused by inappropriate selection of materials or improper ventilation design can be avoided. Now the “cold and warm illness” emerges in the real-estate market all over the world. On one hand, demand for good houses supply exceeds sufficient supplements; on the other hand, nobody asks about the “flashy” houses. The strange thing is that the “cold and warm illness” doesn’t occur in one city of China, where all the houses have been sold out.

The construction of this city was started ten years ago called Luhai City which lies beside the sea, seventy kilometers away south of Shanghai City. The urban district has area of one hundred and ninety-three kilometers, with a population of one million and five hundred thousand. Its population density is equal to that of Singapore. There are no skyscrapers, no busy shopping streets, no grand museums, or even no large pleasure ground in Luhai City. But all things of it attract the townspeople, like living houses. Each building is equipped not only with water supply, drain, cable and natural gas pipes, but with dirt and air-condition water pipes. The dirt pipes are used for carrying the organic matter from the lavatories, kitchens and lawn. The government stipulates that 1.5 liters of water closet of TOTO brand or the like must be used in all the lavatories, so that eighty percent of water can be saved and the dirt may be thicker. That high-thickness dirt flows to the fifteen united refrigeration and heating power station of the city separately, and is fermented to produce methane for electricity generation. The waste heat from the electricity generation is carried into the absorbing-type refrigeration machine for refrigeration and heating. In one or two months in the coldest or hottest weather of the year, when the methane is not enough, the natural gas will be needed. Since the electricity-driven air-conditioner is not used in Luhai City, the serious shortage of electricity in other cities is avoided here. The equipment for methane producing, refrigeration and heating is made in Broad Company, while the power generation equipment is produced in General Electric Co. The refrigeration and heating electricity is sold to the city, which is the cheapest energy. The methane dregs and liquid is sold to the country, which is the most expensive fertilizer.

The city government has drawn many strange rules. For example, the average living area per person in each household cannot be less than twelve square meters and not more than forty square meters. The design and use of all the buildings are not allowed to exceed the upper limit of the construction materials, and the energy consumption for air-conditioner and lighting which is stipulated in the index. Wide and open walking stairs are required in each building so that the residents can do exercises and prevent fire; the scale of the lift is not limited. The government requests that each industrial enterprise plants trees in equal area to its land, and encourages the residents to buy land in front of or behind their houses to plant flowers and vegetables, to feed chickens, ducks and fish. But poisonous pesticide is forbidden, and chemical fertilizer is limited for use. The solar-energy heat-gathering or power generation equipment is installed in all the open parking areas and on the top of many large buildings. The government gives a subsidy of thirty to fifty percent to this installation.

People from other places feel puzzled when they first reach Luhai City: Why is this new city disorganized? Factories, office buildings, hotels, stores, hospitals, schools, theaters, sports field and parks crisscross the living houses with two million people. The shape and color of the houses are different, which look like the London in the nineteenth century. In fact, that is the very intention of the city planners: People can study, work, live, consume and entertain in the same area, returning to the free life style, and they can save the time in taking cars and fuel as well. What's worth caring about more is that the sky in Luhai City is purely blue, that most of the ground is covered with green vegetation, and that the drained water into the sea is clear. Automatic sampling and inspection equipment is installed in over one hundred drain outlets to the sea, in order to inspect the back poisonous chemicals like heavy metal, sulphide and cyanide. However, outlanders still don’t understand why several hundreds of chimneys are permitted in this clean city? As a matter of fact, Luhai Environment Administration doesn’t regard the chimneys as pollution. They have installed sulphur dioxide, NOx and carbon monoxide sensors in all the chimneys and the data are sent directly to the monitoring center of the Environment Administration per minute.

The road system in Luhai is very particular. The car driveway, the bike roadway and the sideway cover one third respectively. Seagull cars and small motors run on the car driveway, but buses are the mainstream. Many townspeople have the fold-type bikes looking like file folders. They ride their bikes to the bus stop and use five seconds to fold them, and then ride them to the destination after getting off the bus. To them, it is fast and comfortable and free of charge by bus to travel.

Since its founding, the government of Luhai City has paid much attention to the attraction of foreign businessmen and investment. But the strange thing is that no supermarket group in European and American countries is allowed to do business in Luhai. It is because the officials accept the idea of “green economists”: The multinational supermarket groups use the scale advantage to conduct “cheap purchase” in the developing countries, turning the developing countries into the “sweatshop”. That causes vicious exploitation of resources, limitless expansion of industry and over-emission of harmful matter in those countries. This “exploiting-type globalization” makes the poor countries and people poorer. Meanwhile, the cheap purchase results in “low price and choice goods”, and attracts a large number of visitors to consume here. Hence a great deal of litter and pollution. At the end of the last century, a philosopher said, the industrial society created such a city scene. If they didn’t spend freely as much metal and fuel as their weight, they would not be proportional to the society. At that time, each day an ordinary American consumed directly or indirectly eighteen kilograms of oil and coal, thirteen kilograms of other minerals, twelve kilograms of farm products and nine kilograms of forest products, which make fifty-two kilograms. Till now, the Americans still consume thirty-nine kilograms of substance, but how about the Luhai townspeople? The direct and indirect consumption of substance for each person per day in Luhai City is only seven point six kilograms, one fifth of the Americans, and lower by forty percent than other cities of China. With less consumption of substance, the remaining money of people increases. The city government has stipulated a series of policy to encourage the development of the third industry, especially the personal service industry, and has carried out promotion and education of “non-substance consumption” on a large scale. Today many townspeople spend more money than their income in employing housekeepers and health nurses, or watching cultural and sports performance, getting educated or buying artwork. Thereupon, an economist said Engel’s coefficient is bankrupt in Luhai City.

In past eight years, China has carried out reformation in public servants’ salary three times, raising their salary largely. The salary of the leading cadres was raised the best, and generally they have higher salary than senior managers of the enterprises and even the owners of the private businesses. Each time for the salary rising, people in other cities express their dissatisfaction, but Luhai townspeople support it. This year tax system reformation was started in China. The consumption and environment tax will be charged while the income and business tax will be exempted. Luhai City is among the first trial cities, and the Environment Administration gets instant results. With external strength, it conducts evaluation of the potential environment damage from the life periodical of each kind of goods, and prescribes the environment tax rate on them. The Taxation Administration instructs the merchants to mark “price of goods” and “environment tax” on the retail price list of each kind of goods. Since the tax reformation workload is huge, fifty percent of the public servants of Luhai City go to the Environment and Taxation Administration. However, other departments still remain high efficiency. For example, the Welfare and Hygiene Bureau actively carry out the separation system of cure and medicine so that the slight patients need not take medicine and that the serious ones can take careful cure. The public security bureau offers good service so that the townspeople need not install steel doors or windows…

And what attracts the attention of the nation is the two cases pronounced by the Intermediate People’s Court of Luhai City. One is death sentence of director of a foundation who embezzled the charitable donations; the other is life imprisonment of an environment supervisor who allowed pollution for profit seeking. To the pronouncing, the national law circle expressed their opposition highly. They thought it was not proper to follow the law of some countries to declare someone guilty according to the results, but according to the embezzled amount of money. Luhai City is the trial city of the national law system reformation. The jury insisted that the main reason why it is difficult to raise charitable donations is that the donators have little belief in proper use of the donations. And the main reason for difficulty in eliminate pollution is that the enforcement of laws is not strict, and the prime function of the state written in the new constitution is just aiding the weak and protecting the environment. The two cases remain the original judgment.

This year Luhai City was chosen as the “Cultural Community of the Mankind” by the United Nations, for it has not consumed excessive resources, has no flashy buildings, no congested road, no tempting shopping streets, no dull rush, no pollution, no bureaucracy, or even no corruption.

8. Man and Nature Unified

June 5 brings the 42nd International Environment Day, and the Asian Alliance Energy and Environment Ministers Conference is held in Guiyang in southwest China. Thirteen years ago, Guiyang was the first experimental city constructed focusing on cycle economy ecology. It is also the hometown of the Asian Alliance Chairman.

Originally proposed by Mr. Wen, Chief Environment Adviser of the Asian Alliance, the welcome dinner is held at the Asian Alliance Chairman, Mr. Yongtu Long’s home. The menu was arranged by Mr. Long’s 92 year-old mother. The meal was prepared by Mr. Long’s wife, daughter, son, and housekeeper. Before dinner, the guests have the opportunity to view artwork done by Mr. Long’s mother and clothes designed by his wife. Viewing the vegetable plot in the back yard, they listen to Mr. Long’s daughter’s introduce the proper way to plant vegetables. The fertilizer is organic and comes from the methane plant, and the pesticide is juice extracted from garlic and ginger. The vegetable plot looks like a beautiful garden. The Minister from Pakistan picks some tomatoes for each person to taste. All declare the tomatoes delicious. The Minister from Thailand picks two chili peppers to eat. He says they are good, but not hot enough…………………

The first dish at dinner is braised chicken. After tasting it, Mr. Wen exclaims, “man has certainly maintained his/her ability to make delicious food over the years.” This chicken is as good as it was in the old days. At that time, I was a child, and when my neighbors cooked chicken, we could smell it next door.” Mr. Long’s daughter standing beside him in the process of serving others answers quickly: “Have some more, Mr. Wen. You live in Zhongnanhai. You know nothing about how the locals feed their chickens these days. The chickens eat insects, grass and grain. That is why they so taste good.”

The Chinese Minister’s English in not fluent yet he posits his view anyway, “recently, our country witnessed monumental changes. People’s life styles have changed. People have returned to their families and a simpler life style. They feed their own chickens, plant vegetables, cook at home, and weave many of their own clothes. They make more time to read books, write poems, paint, and play musical instruments. People’s lives are happier, and they have ended up making money almost unintentionally. China has become the world’s preeminent supplier of specialty goods and services. The China craze shows itself in the movie theaters, dance halls, art galleries and TV broadcasts in New York, Paris and Berlin. Things like woolen sweaters woven manually by Chinese farmworkers are much more expensive than the fashionable dresses manufactured in Paris.”

Mr. Long says affectionately, “The Chinese have become more wealthy, but they have also become more wealthy spiritually. They appreciated walks in the park before, but now they really understand how to enjoy life. Old friends often get together; people actually stop to chat with their neighbors. At sunset, people take their children and elderly relatives for walks around the neighborhood. What a beautiful thing!”

The Minister from Japan says to himself, “This is the life indeed.”

However, the Minister from South Korea interjects, “Despite these successes, the earth temperature is rising every year. How long can this beautiful life last? In recent years, scientists have proposed several fanciful, yet ultimately impossible ideas. Using fuel helium-3 from the moon remains just theory. And the space power station was simply science fiction. The commercialization of seabed combustible ice and hydrogen fuel at a standstill. Solar energy and wind energy both can be used effectively, but the transition has been extraordinarily slow. Nuclear energy is just too dangerous. Yet, people don’t worry because that assumes a new energy source will fall out of the sky. People still refuse to focus more on the conservation and more efficiently use of today’s energies, coal and oil.”

The Thai Minister asserts, “World oil consumption has doubled since 2005 when the Kyoto Protocol was enacted. The danger is great. The tsunami that occurred in the Indian Ocean of the coast of Indonesia ten years ago killing two hundred thousand people has been proved to likely have been the result of deep-sea oil exploitation in the surrounding areas. But the world has done nothing to limit the amount of oil exploitation.”

The Minister from Singapore comments, “The reforms in our oil refinery industry have been moderately successful, but our policies encouraging increased child birth have lowered the overall quality of life and haven’t settled the aging problem.”

The Indian Minister retorts in anger, “so large population is the reason why standards of living are low?”

The Japanese Minister talking to himself again thinks, “but our country is still encouraging child birth. I guess the Ministry of the Environment is weaker than the Ministry of Health.”

Mr. Long stands up and states, ‘The population of China has reached one billion four hundred million. The root of the problem is the view that male children are more desirable than female children.” The Chinese have had this view for two thousand years. The Chinese government has included information regarding “global warming”, “deterioration of the water supply”, “endangered species”, and “child birth-control” in all of the primary school textbooks. Yet, population growth and environmental degradation continues.

Given language differences, Mr. Wen doesn’t understand all of the conversation, but he feels the overall tone is poor. He says hurriedly, “Everybody should just relax. An old Chinese proverb states, “I’ll be happy when my friends come from far away!” ” He laughs loudly and raises his cup for a toast. The foreigners are a bit confused, wondering what the toast is for. And the dinner, albeit awkwardly, marches on.

During the conference panel discussion, Mr. Long, speaking in his usual solemn expression, states, “Recently, many have asserted that the birth of the Asian Alliance and Asian dollar have only been advantageous to the economic development of China. They see the average GDP growth rate of 17%, but don’t see the 13% drop in exported industrial goods every year. Industrial production in China is dropping overall. The world should notice that the average consumption of minerals in China is declining by 8% annually. The consumption of coal declined to 600 million tons last year from over two trillion tons in 2005. Meanwhile, the industrial sector in many other Asian Alliance countries is developing quickly, and the consumption of minerals is rising dramatically. Mineral consumption in the region overall rose by 22% last year. If the proper precautions aren’t taken as countries further industrialization, the negative ramifications could be severe. China has taken great strides to protect the skies and seas and encourages all other countries to do the same. Policies established by the Chinese government 11 years ago, including the development of the cycle economy and thrift-style retail sector, enabled China’s service economy to surpass industry and agriculture. The rising of China has been a positive development, and though not perfect, has been exceptional in some respects.

Mr. Fang, Minister of the Chinese Ministry of Energy and Environment says, “In order to meet the obligations of the Kyoto Agreement, an environmental tax has been levied in China. As a result, the price for paper, plastic, pesticides, fertilizers, and cement have risen ten fold. The ancient Chinese always said paper made in Luoyang was expensive. Now paper made in all areas of China is expensive. Although the environmental tax reduces the export competitiveness of China’s products, causes the withdrawal of some foreign investment, and stirs up protest from company and industry, people are slowly beginning to see the benefits. The vast majority of trash in China is recycled; the use of chemical pesticide and fertilizer has been reduced by sixty percent; the water supply, soil quality and people’s health are all better; the death rate of sea plankton has been lowered. CFCs and all other artificial refrigerant agents have been forbidden for use in large air conditioner systems in China. This has reduced the amount of damage to the ozone layer. The level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has been reduced. China has set up the largest number of solar-energy systems in the world, and has used more bio-gas than any other country in the world. The country has helped to reduce global emissions of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases.

However, the restrictions haven’t lowered quality of life standards in China; standards have actually risen. Poverty has been essentially eliminated in China. The world’s most intriguing and influential social science work is taking place in China, and numerous books have been written that have attracted millions around the world. People can see the benefits brought by sustainable development efforts. According to a Gallop report, happiness indices rank China at number five, up from 88 eight years ago.

As Mr. Wen speaks, he thinks back on the painful process of more environmentally conscious economic reform in China over the past ten years. He declared for everyone to hear, “The recent prosperity of China refutes the notion that group can’t occur without excessive consumption. That erroneous viewpoint has been espoused in developed countries for over a hundred years. China has taken an alternative route. Hundreds of thousands of people who would have been engineers or factory workers have become artists, lawyers, health-care specialists, teachers, physical therapists, chefs and organic farmers. Millions of subsistence farmers have become housekeepers and waste treatment and recycling specialists. They can now afford to provide for their families and also bring benefits to others through their work. Government officials who were formerly, universally seen as corrupt are now respected as hard working, competent, upright public servants. China’s transformation has not only benefited its own people, but also benefited all of mankind. Eight years ago, the President of China first put forward a proposal calling for destruction of all nuclear weapons. He subsequently froze all research in that area. The Chinese government believes that if nuclear technology cannot be used in a non-military fashion, then it shouldn’t be used at all. The policies of the Chinese government are indeed commendable. China has tried to show that the benevolent love of others and nature and economic progress are not mutually exclusive.

9. Natural and Man-made Disasters

After the Asian Alliance Energy and Environment Ministers Conference closed, the ministers committed themselves to introducing the Chinese version of service economy experience and know-how to their own countries, but it is too late. A series of environment-related calamities of unparalleled destruction strike.

In July over thirty countries in the northern hemisphere experienced a fever related plague. 1,700,000 people died from this fever. The countries struck most severely included India with two hundred and seventy thousand deaths, Pakistan with one hundred and seventy thousand deaths, China with one hundred and ten thousand, France with ninety thousand, Germany with eighty thousand, Poland with thirty thousand, and Italy with twenty thousand… In the US, there were three hundred thousand people who died of the deadly fever.

In August, the third major flood in China’s history occurred. The Changjiang River valley in the South, and the Nejiang River valley in the North overflowed at the same time, causing sixty thousand people to die and three million people to become homeless.

In Norway and Sweden, the flood destroyed over ten cities including Oslo, causing thirty thousand deaths and one million people to lose their homes. Even in Greece rain rarely comes in August, the rainstorm a few thousand deaths.

However, the most serious effects were felt in the Gulf area. An earthquake of the magnitude 9.5 and related tsunami destroyed over ten cities, causing the death or disappearance of six hundred thousand people.

In September, a leak at a nuclear power station Kansai, Japan caused four million casualties.

A day later, the Taiwan Strait was struck by the strongest typhoon in its history. Clean water supply, electricity and transportation in Taiwan were brought to a complete standstill. Thousands of houses collapsed, and all the planes in the open air were damaged. Over ten hundred thousand bodies were recovered after the typhoon, and the number of missing has still not been confirmed. The mainland Chinese government sent three hundred soldiers and health care professionals to provide disaster relief.

In September another thing happened which caused death of seven people and loss of four hundred and fifty trillion US dollars. Launched by US NASA, French Space Administration and European Space Administration, the airship to the Mars, in the length of the football field, disappeared at the time it reached the cold red star after one hundred days of flight.

10. New morality idea

In early October, the UN holds a special conference, at which Number 1892 resolution is passed unanimously. The main clauses are as follows:

1). All countries should do their best to reduce emission of the greenhouse gas so as to avoid the vicious warming of the earth and to avoid thawing of more permanent frozen earth and death of sea plankton. From 2016 the amount of emission of the greenhouse gas will be reduced by thirty-three percent based on the year 2014.

2). The oil exploitation in the Gulf area will be frozen. And the oil exploitation in other areas will be executed according to the limit list stipulated by IUCS, AGOD and IEA.

3). The projects which are in construction and peacefully use nuclear energy will be frozen.

4). Each country with nuclear weapons should destroy the nuclear weapons in batch according to the timetable given by UNSC and IAEA.

5). From 2016 each country begins to levy tax for emission of greenhouse gas and of pollution matter according to the tax standards put forward by WTO, WB, IMF, GEF, and UNEP.

6). From 2018 each country should obey the standards for poisonous matter content at the sea entrance from seventy-one rivers, which are prescribed by IIED and WOEO, and should accept continuous monitoring by the UN-designating organs via using instrument.

Since the founding of the UN, that is the first time for them to make a piece of resolution without complete execution clauses or without negotiation space – the mankind does not have enough time to bargain.

Albert Gore, sixty-seven years old, walked slowly to the platform. This old man, who became Secretary of the UN one year ago, has a dull look in his eyes. After keeping silent for a while, he began saying to the world:” Today on the two stages of the state and the world, the long duration of the morality defeats the short-term nature of the politics. Fifteen years ago, since some American citizens didn’t understand that the state’s benefit should be consistent with the world’s benefit, Bush was therefore elected president. That makes Kyoto Agreement delayed for eight years. Ten yeas ago, since most developing countries believed firmly that to develop the industry was the only way to remove the poverty, the negotiation for reduction of emission of greenhouse gas at the second stage was delayed for five years. These two errors caused the greenhouse gas into the atmosphere to increase by forty percent in past ten years. The result is that the temperature reaches boiling point finally this year, causing twenty-three percent of the frozen earth to thaw quickly. A great deal of methane was emitted, and in short eight months, the temperature of the earth has gone up by four degrees. That figure is more than the accumulated temperature in past fifteen thousand years. The heat, typhoon and flood in the star which we love so much have killed three million people in seventy days. The geological disaster caused by limitless oil exploitation again killed six hundred thousand people. And besides thousands of people died of the nuclear leak, and there are many people who are struggling for a bare subsistence. But it is only one of the over one thousand nuclear power stations. What calamities will happen tomorrow? Does the mankind have the future?

Choked with sobs, Secretary cannot speak. He turned his head, wiped his tear away, and then continued:” Twenty-five years ago, I wrote in the book Climate Crisis:’ today the mankinds are reaching the boiling point of the environment. What should we react to it? If one huge man encroaches on us just like the sci-fi films, and he treads in the tropical forests with his huge feet like a football field heavily, what shall we react to it? Actually what is happening is just like that. Can we remain still? We seem to have fixed habit. We will not believe in those things that are beyond the historical experience but are happening. In recent twenty years, together with thousands of environment protection soldiers, I have used all kinds of ways to prevent the earth from deadly disaster. There are many people who almost walk to the edge of the law. However, our strength is not enough.”

He lost his voice. And in the end he said loudly: “Today in 2015, the nature of mankind to seek survival finally awakes the statesmen, enabling us to choose the establishment of the new moral idea with higher standards.”

Zhang Yue

March 14, 2005

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